APTET Syllabus 2014

APTET Syllabus 2014 - You will find here Syllabus of Andhra Pradesh Teacher Eligibility Test (APTET) Paper 1 & Paper 2 for Examination 2014.

APTET SYLLABUS
(PAPER - 1)

I CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND PEDAGOGY (Marks: 30)
1. DEVELOPMENT OF CHILD
- Development, Growth & Maturation – Concept & Nature
- Principles of Development
- Factors influencing Development – Biological, Psychological, Sociological
- Dimensions of Development and their interrelationships – Physical & Motor, Cognitive, Emotional, Social, Moral, Language relating to Infancy, early Childhood, late Child hood.
- Understanding Development – Piaget, Kohlberg, Chomsky, Carl Rogers
- Individual differences – Intra & Inter Individual differences in the areas of Attitudes, Aptitude, Interest, Habits, Intelligence and their Assessment
- Development of Personality – Concept, Factors effecting development of Personality
- Adjustment, Behavioral problems, Mental Health
- Methods and Approaches of Child Development – Observation, Interview, Case study, Experimental, Cross sectional and Longitudinal
- Developmental tasks and Hazards

2. UNDERSTANDING LEARNING
- Concept, Nature of Learning – Input – Process – Outcome
- Factors of Learning – Personal and Environmental
- Approaches to Learning and their applicability – Behaviorism (Skinner, Pavlov, Thorndike), Constructivism (Piaget, Vygotsky), Gestalt (Kohler, Koffka) and Observational (Bandura)
- Dimensions of Learning – Cognitive, Affective and Performance
- Motivation and Sustenance –its role in learning.
- Memory & Forgetting
- Transfer of Learning

3. PEDAGOGICAL CONCERNS
- Teaching and its relationship with learning and learner
- Learners in Contexts: Situating learner in the socio-political and cultural context
- Children from diverse contexts – Children With Special Needs (CWSN), Inclusive Education
- Understanding of Pedagogic methods – Enquiry based learning, Project based learning, Survey, Observation and Activity based learning
- Individual and Group learning: Issues and concerns with respect to organizing learning in class room like Study habits, Self learning and Learning to learn skills
- Organizing learning in heterogeneous class room groups – Socio-economic background, Abilities and Interest
- Paradigms of organizing Learning - Teacher centric, Subject centric and Learner centric
- Teaching as Planned activity – Elements of Planning
- Phases of Teaching – Pre active, Interactive and Post active
- General and Subject related skills, competencies required in teaching and attributes of good facilitator
- Learning resources – Self, Home, School, Community, Technology
- Class room Management: Role of student, teacher, Leadership style of teacher,
Creation of non-threatening learning environment, Managing behavior problems, Guidance & Counseling, Punishment and its legal implications, Rights of a child, Time Management.
- Distinction between Assessment for Learning & Assessment of Learning, School based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation : Perspective & Practice
- Understanding teaching & learning in the context of NCF, 2005 & Right To Education Act, 2009.

III. LANGUAGE – II (ENGLISH) (Marks: 30)

CONTENT (Marks: 24)
1. Parts of Speech
2. Tenses
3.Types of Sentences
4.Prepositions & Articles
5. Degrees of Comparison
6. Direct and Indirect Speech
7. Questions and question tags,
8. Active & Passive voice
9. Use of Phrases
10. Comprehension
11.Composition
12.Vocabulary.

PEDAGOGY (Marks: 06)
1. Aspects of English:- (a) English language – History, nature, importance, principles of English as second language (b) Problems of teaching / learning English
2. Objectives of teaching English.
3. Phonetics
4. Development of Language skills:- a Listening, Speaking, Reading & Writing (LSRW).
b) Communicative skills.
1. Approaches, Methods, Techniques of teaching English.
(a) Introduction, Definition and Types of approaches methods and techniques of teaching English (b)Remedial teaching.
6. Teaching of structures and vocabulary items.
7. Teaching learning materials in English
8. Lesson Planning
9. Curriculum & Textbooks
10. Evaluation in English language

IV. MATHEMATICS (Marks: 30)

CONTENT (Marks: 24)
1. Number system: Whole numbers, place value, comparison, fundamental mathematical operations ; Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, Indian Currency, Prime and Composite numbers, Prime factors, Lowest Common Multiple (LCM) and Greatest Common Multiple (GCM).

2. Fractions: Concept of fractions, proper fractions, improper fractions, mixed fractions, decimal fractions, comparison, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division of fractions and decimal fractions. Use of fractions in daily life. Rational Numbers; definition, four fundamental operations; properties of numbers (N, W, Z and Q), Square, Square root, Cube, Cube root, and factorization.

3. Arithmetic: Unitary method, Ratio & Proportion, percentages, average, profit – loss.

4. Geometry: Rotation, Types of Angles, Construction and measurement of Angles, line, axis, shapes, reflection and symmetry.

5. Measurements: Length, Weight, Capacity, Time, Perimeter and Area, their standard units and relation between them.
6. Data Applications: Introduction to Data, data presentation, Bar graph.

PEDAGOGY (Marks: 06)
1. Definitions and Nature of Mathematics
2. Aims, values and instructional objectives of teaching Mathematics
3. Methods of Teaching Mathematics
4. Instructional material in Mathematics - TLM in Mathematics
5. Instructional Planning
6. Designing, Administration, Analysis of scholastic Achievement test (SAT)
7. The Mathematics Teacher
8. Resource Utilization
9. Curriculum and Text Book
10. Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching

V. ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (Marks: 30)

CONTENT (Marks: 24)
Our Body – Health – Cleanliness - External, Internal parts of our body, Bones, Muscles, Sense organs, Digestion, Respiration, Nervous system, Excretory system, Circulatory system, First Aid. My Family - My Family – Family tree, migration, changing structures of family – nuclear and joint families, festivals. Work & Play - Occupations, Child labor, Games – Local, National and International, Marshal Arts, Effects of games on respiration and breathing, fairs, Circus. Plants and Animals-Plants & animals in our surroundings, Plant & Animal products, parts of a plant, photosynthesis, parts of a flower, pollination, fertilization, fruits, seeds. Wild & cultivated plants, wild & domestic animals their food, arrangement of teeth in animals.

Our Food - Different types of food, storage of grains and vegetables, storage of food, Food – animal husbandry, Nutrients of food, deficiency diseases. Shelter - Need, different types of houses, electrical appliances - their use, social life in ants and honey bees, Animals shelter – variation. Air - Importance of air, composition of air, atmospheric pressure, diseases spread through air and their prevention, air pollution – causes, its impact, and measures to prevent, Green House effect.

Water - Importance, water resources, aquatic flora and fauna, measurement of liquids, Water pollution - causes, impact, measures to prevent, purification of water. Earth and Sky - Latitudes and longitudes, movements of earth, local time, Standard time, temperature, atmosphere, rainfall. Interiors of the earth. Our country (India) - Location, Area, Physical features, Climate, Natural resources, Historical places in India, Population , Minerals, Industries. Our state (Andhra Pradesh) - Location, Physical features, Climate, crops, clothes, food, Culture, State Government, Gram Panchayat, Mandal Parishad, Municipality, Municipal Corporation, Local Emergency services, our state symbols.

History and culture of India - Evolution of Man, Pre-historic period, Indian culture and Heritage, Civilization, Medieval period culture, Ancient monuments, Religious movements: Jainism, Buddhism, Bhakti movement, Great personalities, Indian freedom movement, Modern India. Indian constitution - Fundamental rights, Fundamental duties, Directive principles, Structure of Government in India, India - National objectives, National symbols, Right to Information (RTI), U.N.O.

PEDAGOGY (Marks: 06)
1. Concept and scope of Environmental Studies (Science & Social Studies)
2. Aims & Objectives of teaching Environmental Studies (Science & Social Studies)
3. Relation to Science and Social Studies
4. Curriculum and its transaction
5. CCE
6. Learning Environment

APTET SYLLABUS
(PAPER - 2)

  • CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND PEDAGOGY (Marks: 30)
  • LANGUAGE – II (ENGLISH) (Marks: 30)
  • MATHEMATICS (Marks: 30)
  • ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (Marks: 30)

SCIENCE - CONTENT (Marks: 24)
1. Measurements: Units and Different Systems –C.G.S., M.K.S., S.I. Triangulation method for measuring long distances, Measurement of Length, Area, Volume, Mass, Density and Time. Fundamental and Derived units. Measuring instruments – Scale, Tape, Vernier Calipers, Different types of clocks,

2. Natural Resources – Air, Water: Water pollution, Harnessing of water, States of water, Hardness of water, water pressure Air pollution, Atmospheric Pressure, Air pressure, Archimedes’ principle, Pascal’s law, Bernoulli’s Principle, Hydrometer, Barometer. Laws of floatation, Specific gravity, Surface tension, Fluid Mechanics.

3. Our Universe: Constellation - Zodiac, Space travel; Solar system, Satellites, stars, comets; Earth- layers of earth.

4. Natural Phenomenon: Light: Rectilinear propagation of Light, Shadows, transparent and opaque materials; reflection, Laws of reflection, refraction, Reflection at spherical mirrors, refractive index of glass slab Sound: Sources of sound, Transmission of sound, Sound Pollution, Waves, Kinds of Waves, Wave Propagation, Musical instruments. Heat: Heat and Temperature, Measurement of Temperature and Thermometer, Change of State due to heat

5. Mechanics - Kinematics, Dynamics: Scalar and Vectors. Types of Motion; Speed, Velocity, Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Friction, Momentum, Principals of Conservation, Centre of Gravity, State of Equilibrium.

6. Magnetism and Electricity: Magnetism: Natural Magnets and Artificial Magnets, properties of Magnets, Magnetic Induction, uses of Magnets, Methods of Magnetisation. Electricity: Circuit Connection- omponents, Primary Cells, Charge; Effects of Electric Current (Light, Heat, Magnetic), Primary Cells, Current Flow, Heating and Magnetic Effects of an Electric Current, Series, Parallel connections, Symbols of Electrical Elements, Modern World Instrument. Information and Communication Technology, Computers.

7. Matter-Its changes: Elements and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae, Chemical Equations Action of heat on substances, Physical and Chemical changes, types of chemical changes Preparation of Gases (Oxygen, Hydrogen, Carbon- Di-Oxide, Chlorine, Hydrogen Chloride) Acids, Basis, Salt. Water and its constituents. Hardness of water. Sulphur, Nitrogen, Phosphorous and their compounds. Common salt and its constituents.

8. Laws of Chemical Combination and Chemical Calculations: Laws of chemical combination, Calculations based on chemical equations.

9. Biology: Its importance in everyday life, contribution of scientists, different branches.

10. Living World – Characteristics: Classification of Plants and Animals and their characteristics.
a) Cell: Concept, Cell theory, differences between Plant cell and Animal cell, Cell division.
b) Tissues – Animal tissues.

11. Plant World – Types of plants: Parts of a plant – their functions Reproduction – Asexual, Sexual, Vegetative propagation, Nutrition, Photosynthesis, Excretion, Respiration Economic importance of Plants, Agriculture, Crop diseases & pest control measure.

12. Animal World: Organ systems and their functions including man Digestive system, Respiratory system, Circulatory system, Excretory system, Nervous system, Reproductive system, Sense organs in man, Nutrition Deficiency diseases in man, First Aid Economic importance of Animals, Animal husbandry, Pisciculture, Sericulture.

13. Microbes:Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, Protozoan  useful and harmful, microbial diseases in plants & animals

14. Our Environment: Biotic & Abiotic factors, Natural resources

15. Recent trends in Biology: -Hybridization, Genetic engineering, Gene banks, Gene therapy,Tissue culture

PEDAGOGY (Marks: 06)
1. Definition, Nature, Structure and History of Science
2. Aims, Values and Instructional Objectives of teaching Science
3. Method of Teaching Science
4. Instructional Material in Teaching Science – TLM in Science.
5. Instructional Planning
6. Science Laboratory
7. Science Teacher - Changing Roles
8. Science Curriculum and its transaction
9. Science Textbook.
10. Evaluation – CCE - Designing, Administration, Analysis, Scholastic Achievement Test (SAT)

IV b. SOCIAL STUDIES (Marks: 60) -
CONTENT (Marks: 48)

GEOGRAPHY
1. OUR EARTH: Earth its origin, Realms of the earth, Land forms , Movements of the earth , their effects, Interior of the earth, Movements of the earth , Earth crust, Oceans , Elements of the Climate

2. SOLAR SYSTEM: The Solar System, Solar energy and Insolation, Latitudes, Longitudes, Eclipses

3. CONTINENTS: Asia, Africa, Europe, North America, South America Location and extent, Physical features, Climate, Forests and Wild life,Population, Agriculture, Minerals, Industries, Transportation, Trade, Exports and Imports Antarctica: Landscape, Climate, Natural Vegetation, Native Animal life,Mineral Wealth, Scientific Investigation.

4. GEOGRAPHY OF ANDHRA PRADESH: Physical Regions , Rivers , Climate, Floods and Droughts ,Forests , Animal Wealth , Soils, Soil erosion, Electricity , Agriculture, Mineral Wealth, Industries, Population, Transportation , Sea ports , Places of Interest

5. MAPS – SCALE – CARDINAL POINTS – CONVENTIONAL SIGNS.

HISTORY
1. STUDY OF PAST: Prehistoric Age: Indian History periods, Sources, Indian history, Culture.
Pre – History : The Evaluation of Life on Earth, Evolutionary stages of Human beings, Tools and implements, Economic life, Legacy of prehistory, Impact of Iron age on the Growth of Civilization.
Historical background: Growth and development of Early Cultures and Racial synthesis Characteristic features of Indian History - Various Stages of Development

2. HARAPPA CULTURE AND ARYAN CIVILIZATION Early and Later Vedic Civilization- Jainism- Buddhism

3. INDIA B.C 200-300 A.D:Andhra Satavahanas- Mouryan Empire- Sangam Age- Maghadha- Kushans Empire- Parsian, Greek invasion

4. MEDIEVAL PERIOD IN INDIA: 300 A.D - 800 A.D: Guptha, Harshavardhana, Pallavas ,Chalukyas , Indian Culture abroad ,the Arab conquests of Sindh. 800 A.D-1300 A.D: Political developments, Rise of new dynasties, Administration of important dynasties 1206 A.D - 1526 A.D: Delhi Sultans, General conditions of Delhi Sultanate, Fall of Delhi Sultanate, Vijayanagara Empire, Bhakti movement, Development of National consciousness, Influence of Islam and Christianity Advent of Mughals, Advent of Europeans Fall of the Mughal Empire

5. INDIA AND THE MODERN WORLD
Trade and Colonization, Beginning of the Modern age in Europe, Outline history of world, Major developments and their impact on India

6. ESTABLISHMENT OF BRITISH RULE IN INDIA AND REVOLTS AGAINST BRITISH RULE - INDIA DURING 1858 – 1947: Political, Economic and Social Policies of British - British Policy towards Indian Princes British Policy towards neighboring countries, Changes in Economic and Social sectors Agriculture, Famines in India between 1858 -1947,Transport facilities, Beginning of modern Industries, Rise of new classes in Indian society, Religious and social reform movements and Cultural awakening , Movements among Muslims for Social reforms

7. RISE OF NATIONALISM - FREEDOM MOVEMENT: Meaning of Nationalism and Emergence of Indian Nationalism, India’s freedom Movement, Factors and Forces-Political Associations, Early phase of Freedom Movement from 1885-1905, Freedom Movement during 1905 -1919, Indian Freedom Movement and the World -1935 Act and Provincial Ministries - Freedom Movement during World War II, Gandhian Era 1920-1947

CIVICS
1. FAMILY AND COMMUNITY
2. INDIAN CONSTITUTION - Indian Constitution at work, salient features, Federal, Unitary State, Fundamental Rights & Duties, Directive Principles, National Integration, Unity in diversity
3. GOVERNMENT AT THE CENTRAL & STATE LEVEL Legislative, Executive-Judiciary

4. LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT: Local Self Govt. Institutions, Gram panchayat, Mandal Parishat, Zilla Parishat Urban Self Government Institutions, Municipal Corporations, Municipalities District Administration

5. DEMOCRACY: Democracy, Problems of Democracy, Presidential and Parliamentary Democracy, Election process, Role of Political parties, World Peace and Role of India, India’s Foreign Policy, Non-Alignment Policy, India’ United Nations Organization, Contemporary Issues of the World.

6. SOCIALISM & SECULARISM: Socialism in the Indian context, Secularism in the Indian context, India as a Nation, Challenging issue of our country.

7. INFORMATION AWARENESS
8. TRAFFIC EDUCATION

ECONOMICS

1. ECONOMICS – INTRODUCTION: Economics, Nature, Scope, Need Micro and Macro Economics

2. BASIC CONCEPTS OF ECONOMICS: Basic concepts of Economics, Basic aspects of Production, Forms of Business Organization, Problems of Distribution

3. EXCHANGE: Exchange, Concept of Market, Demand and Supply, Equilibrium Price

4. NATIONAL INCOME: National Income, Gross National Product (GNP) , Net National Product (NNP) ,Gross Domestic Product (GDP),Net Domestic Product (NDP),Nominal and Real GNP, National Income of India , Per Capita Income , Standard of Living.

5. ANDHRA PRADESH – ECONOMY: Economic Situation at the time of State formation, Agriculture, Water, Power, Service sector, Population Natural resources of Andhra Pradesh: Land, Water, Forests, Minerals Economic Development of Andhra Pradesh, Role of different sectors, Trends in Agricultural Development, Industrial Development, Development of Service sector, Welfare Programmes, Problems of Economic Development in the State.

PEDAGOGY (Marks: 12)
1. Nature and Scope of Social Studies.
2. Aims, Objectives and values of Teaching Social Studies.
3. Methods & techniques of Teaching Social Studies.
4. Teaching, Learning Material and Resources.
5. Instructional Planning.
6. Evaluation.
7. Social Studies Teacher.
8. Curriculum and Text Book
9. Disaster Management , Deforestation, Socio Economic Problems
10. National Identity –Civic affairs – International Relations.

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