The Bachelor of technology B.Tech/BTech or Bachelor of Engineering (BE or BEng) is an undergraduate degree awarded to a student after three to five years of studying engineering at universities in Australia, Bangladesh, Canada, China, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Jordan, Korea, Lebanon, Malaysia, Nepal, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Singapore, South Africa, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States, Vietnam, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The nature of the qualification varies around the world so, hence it may or may not be a professional degree and it may or may not involve undertaking some engineering work. The course may or may not be accredited by a national professional society.
Some institutions award a Bachelor of Science (BSc), Bachelor of Engineering Science (BESc), Bachelor of Science in Engineering (BSE), or Bachelor of Applied Science (BASc) degree to undergraduate students of engineering study. For example, Canada is the only country that awards the BASc degree for graduating engineers.
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A less common variety of the degree is Baccalaureus in Arte Ingeniaria (BAI), a Latin name meaning Bachelor in the Art of Engineering. It is awarded by the University of Dublin, Ireland and is more commonly referred to as Bachelor of Engineering; some South African Universities refer to their Engineering degrees as B.Ing. (Baccalaureus Ingeniaria).
In India, the Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) is a degree awarded by many public and private universities. Bachelor of Engineering degree is awarded to a student who has completed four years course (eight semesters) in engineering. The entry to B.E is 10+2 years of schooling or completion of Pre University course (PUC). Diploma holders in engineering are also eligible for entry into B.E. Diploma holders of engineering enter degree course, by lateral entry, which gives some concessions in study of subjects. Some of the universities in India award BTech i.e.; Bachelor of Technology instead of B.E for same engineering course. It is said that as compared to B.E there is a little bit more stress on practicals in B.Tech. It is also offered in Aeronautical Engineering. Some University in India also gives BSc (Engineering) for the same course, it is same as BE or B Tech. B R Ambedkar Bihar University, Vinoba Bhave University and Magadh University etc. are example. While B R Ambedkar Bihar and Vinoba Bhave University has changed its degree to B Tech. Magadh University still awards BSc (Engineering) Degree. B Sc. (Engineering) is same as BE or B Tech and M Sc.(Engineering) is same as ME or M Tech.
In Australia, the Bachelor of Engineering (BE) is a four-year undergraduate degree course and a professional qualification. It is also available as a six-year sandwich course (where students are required to undertake a period of professional placement as part of the degree) or an eight-year part-time course through some universities. The Institution of Engineers, Australia (Engineers Australia) accredits degree courses and graduates of accredited courses are eligible for membership of the Institution. Bachelor of Engineering graduates may commence work as a graduate professional engineer upon graduation, although some may elect to undertake further study such as a Master's or Doctoral degree. Chartered Professional Engineer (CPEng) status or the various State registration requirements are usually obtained in later years. Graduates with formal engineering qualifications in Australia are often referred to as Professional Engineers to distinguish them from other professions where the term "Engineer" is used loosely.
In Canada, a degree for studies in an accredited undergraduate engineering program is either named Bachelor of Engineering (B. Eng. or B.Ing. in French), or equivalently, Bachelor of Applied Science or Bachelor of Science. Graduation from an accredited program, which normally involves four years of study, is a required first step to becoming a Professional Engineer. Regulation and accreditation are accomplished through a self-governing body (the name of which varies from province to province), which is given the power by statute to register and discipline engineers, as well as regulate the field of engineering in the individual provinces.
In Germany, the Bachelor of Engineering was introduced as part of implementation of the Bologna process. However, this degree is in fact mostly offered by German Fachhochschule-institutions Universities of Applied Sciences. German technical universities award a Bachelor of Science in engineering rather than the BEng degree.
The situation is similar in Finland as in Germany. Vocational universities (ammattikorkeakoulu) grant professional Bachelor's degrees (insinööri (amk)). The degree does not traditionally prepare for further study, but due to the Bologna process, a completely new degree of ylempi insinööri (amk) has been introduced for engineers who wish to continue studying after some work experience. Before 2005, academic universities (see Education in Finland) did not make an administrative distinction between studies on the Bachelor's and Master's level, and the Master's level diplomi-insinööri was the first degree to be received. Due to the Bologna process, an intermediate "Bachelor of Science in Engineering" (tekniikan kandidaatti) has been introduced. However, even today, academic universities do not consider the AMK degree to be on par with the academic degree, and compensate only half of the credits (90 out of 180 ECTS).
In the Netherlands the Bachelor of Engineering was also introduced as part of implementation of the bologna process, the same as in Germany. The degree is only offered by Dutch Hogeschool-institutions and is equivalent to the Dutch engineer's degree "ingenieur" (ing.). A Dutch BEng involves a rigorous study of four years and is only awarded in the field of aeronautical engineering, mechanical engineering, software engineering, or electrical engineering. Completion of a Dutch engineer's study in the field biochemical engineering, biomedical engineering, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, material engineering is however awarded with a Bachelor of Applied Science degree. Dutch technical universities award a Bachelor of Science in engineering (BScEng) instead of the BEng degree.
In Pakistan, the Bachelor of Engineering Degree with names (B.Sc. Engg. / B.S. Engg. / B.E.) in various disciplines is awarded by many Universities/Institutes. Bachelor of Engineering Degree is awarded to a student who has completed four years course in engineering, which consists of eight semesters. The entry to an engineering program is after 12 years of schooling. Students are required to appear in an entry test and final evaluation is made by calculating their Intermediate (HSSC / F.Sc. Pre Engineering) Marks and entry test marks. Students having three years diploma of Associate Engineering (D.A.E.) can also appear for entry test. The rest of the procedure is same. Due to recent growth in Telecommunication market of the country, students are more interested to become a Telecommunication Engineer. Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC), a regulatory body of Engineering profession in Pakistan, registers and awards registration certificates to those graduates only, who complete their engineering studies from Universities/Institutes offering Accredited Engineering Programs, thus declaring them bona fide Professional Engineers, capable of carrying-out any professional engineering works in private or public sector and are entitled to use the prefix (Engr.) with their names in general and (R.E. / P.E.) titles in particular as per registration status. Engineers are registered in two categories namely: Registered Engineer (R.E.) & Professional Engineer (P.E.). Graduate Engineers are registered as Registered Engineers and 5 years of further experience after graduation gets them registered as Professional Engineers on the PEC Register.
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