S.Nijalingappa Medical college Bagalkot is the district head quarters in North Karnataka situated on the bank of the river Ghataprabha. Snuggly sheltered in the lap of nature, Bagalkot has a mythological and historical background. From inscriptions it is learnt that the old name of the town was Bagadige.A legend says that in ‘Puranic’ times the town was gifted to the ‘Vajantries’ (Musicians) of Lankan King Ravana. Ruled by Ravana in the distant past, Bagalkot came in modern times under the successive dominions of Vijayanagar emperors, Peshwas, Hyderali of Mysore, Maratha rulers finally under British rule in 1818. The municipality came into existence in 1865 to provide civil amenities to the residents.
Bagalkot enjoys a unique reputation of being a happy home of mahaswamijis, saints, noted literary luminaries, educationists, journalists, patriots and musicians. Today this town has emerged as a powerful centre of industry, commerce and education.